Essential Elements: How to Create a Garden Based on Your Climate

Whether you're an avid gardener or inexperienced as a green thumb, having a beautiful outdoor space is something to which we can all aspire. Creating a wonderful garden doesn't have to be a chore, but hopefully, something to which you can find joy in doing.

However, when thinking about how to design a thriving garden, one should consider some essential aspects in terms of layout and care.

Now here are some tips and tricks on how you can make a stunning garden that will suit whichever climate you live in, and the best way to care for it.

Cook park Orange

Cook park Orange


How to Create a Garden Based on Your Climate

Now here are some tips and tricks on how you can make a stunning garden that will suit whichever climate you live in, and the best way to care for it.

No.1: Quench that thirst

The primary essential element of producing an acclimatized outdoor area is hydration. Unless you live in a desert landscape or plan to design a garden that needs minimal water, a functioning irrigation system is a must-have.

A garden irrigation system has an automatic design and takes all the work of watering your garden. Gardeners usually spend much of their time watering the plants, and an irrigation system is such an excellent garden addition to free up your time. Efficiency is another benefit of using an irrigation system. 

However, when it comes to the garden irrigation system, three options are being offered: soak, drip, and spray. Which one is right for you? 

  • Soak: It makes use of a soaker hose to supply the deep, slow watering that plants need. When the water is applied to the root zone, the foliage will get dry - which eventually helps in preventing any disease problems. Not to mention, soaker hose conserves water as well! Merely set the soaker hose along the plants and use a garden hose to cross pathways and any other areas in which you do not need water.
  • Drip: A good option for areas with hard water. Some stores offer a customizable kit that gives a consistent drip action. All you have to do is cut the drip line according to the lengths you need and organize along rows, which place the perforations to spread on the water to each plant. This type of targeted, deep-rooted, slow watering makes sure all the plants get the water they crucially need.
  • Spray: Especially when watering larger regions such as perennial plantings and ground covers, the sprinkler is the perfect garden solution. Just set up the sprinklers so that they apply water to plants. Mini sprinkler systems are also great for those with larger plantation areas. They throw water in large droplets which reduces evaporation throughout distribution.

From pumps to shut off valves, these can help to provide adequate drainage for your plants and save on your water usage, covering the basics and top priority in lawn and plant care.

No.2: Understand your climate

By understanding your climate, you will learn various things like the type of 'gardening zone' you are in and what that really means, how airflow and light have an impact to the plants and what you can do regarding it, how humidity or rainfall affect your garden, and so much more!

When designing the layout for your garden, think about what you want, but it can be wise to do some valuable research.

If you live in a cold climate zone, you don't want to be planting those such as tropical palm trees, which will die without proper care. That is not to say that plants aren't adaptable to specific environments.

Australia is a country of extremes, from cool and wet in the south to a humid and damp rainforest in the north, hot, desert in the west and cool coastal in the east. Lavender, for example, can stand harsh conditions in heat, but will also handle cooler regions.

No 3: Get to know your desired plants

Plants should be matched well to the environment that they reside in: the lighting, soil, and other climate conditions. Most likely, even professional gardeners could not make sun-loving plants, such as daisies, bloom in the shade. Well, here's good news for you – many plants are not very fussy!

By understanding your climate, you can have a better knowledge of which plants to select for your outdoor area. If you live in a place that is quite dry, the best can be those such as succulents, which store their own water.

It's also good to know what not to plant. If you want a low maintenance garden, then it is best not to plant annuals, as you have to replant them religiously to continue their cycle.

Tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, carrots, green beans, and lettuce are among the most natural vegetables you can grow inside your yard. There are also plants that do not need water (e.g., lavender, lambs ear, and rosemary), whereas impatiens and hibiscus species can be ideal for rain-heavy, tropical regions since they need more water.

If you live in an area where you do not get lots of suns or in an urban environment, options like leafy greens will do best. Fresh herbs such as arugula, chervil, thyme, and marjoram all grow well in the shade. In general, you need to consider the soil moisture, the hardiness zone of your area, and the amount of sunlight your location gets when choosing the right plant for your place.

Nurseries and garden supply hardware stores can help guide you in what to sow in different conditions and how you can recycle by propagating from previous clippings.

No. 4: Different soils

We all know that we're all different. Well, your garden's landscape can be just that. Many plants thrive in different types of soil.

Not all are your rich clay soil and it is best to know whether you have acidic or alkaline soil, as it can help determine which plants will flourish and which will falter. Thompson and Morgan can help you see which plants will thrive in your soil type.

If you have alkaline soil that is chalky, try sowing those such as honeysuckle and lavender. Whereas if you live in a coastal region for example and have sandy soil, go for acidic suited plants like magnolias and camellias.

No 5: Understand the life cycle of your plants

First of all, let us know the different types of soil. We have six – clay, chalky, silty, sandy, loamy, and peaty soil.

  • Clay Soil – tightly packed and has a fairly uniform size. It is essentially rich in nutrients and holds the moisture, which keeps the plants hydrated. During spring, the clay soil warms up sluggishly and is dense to cultivate. This is mostly ideal for shrubs and perennials like Aster, Flowering quince, Bergamot and Helen's Flower. Gardeners may find it difficult growing soft berry crops and early vegetable crops in clay soil due to its compact and cool nature. Shrubs, fruit trees, and ornamental trees all grow well on clay soils.
  • Chalky Soil – is usually bigger grained and stonier than other soils. It is alkaline, free draining, and stony, as well as often overlays a limestone or stone bedrock. Chalky soils are good for bulbs, trees and shrubs like Madonna lilies, Mock Oranges, Lilac, Pinks, and Weigela. Even vegetables like sweet corn, cabbage, beets, and spinach also do well in this type of soil.
  • Silty Soil – feels foamy and soft, silty soils hold moisture and are generally very high in nutrients. If drainage is managed and supplied, this soil type is an excellent garden solution. Most fruit crops, vegetables, as well as grasses, climbers, shrubs, and perennials like New Zealand flax and Mahonia do well in silty soils.
  • Sandy Soil – easy to work, free draining, and quickly warms up during spring. Sandy soils tend to trickles nutrients when raining and dry out quickly, though, so the extra organic matter is highly needed in order to feed the plants and keep moisture. Peppers, collard greens, tomatoes, corn, strawberries, lettuce, squash, potatoes, parsnips, and carrots are among those who can grow in sandy soils.
  • Loamy Soil – feels a bit moist and fine-textured. Loamy soils have outstanding characteristics for lawns, shrubs, and gardening. Ideal for bamboos, shrubs, climbers, and tubers (e.g., Rubus, Black Bamboo, and Wisteria), this type of soil requires exhaustive management to avoid drying out and depletion.
  • Peaty Soil – may get waterlogged and holds a great amount of moisture, peaty soils are excellent for growing azaleas, rhododendrons, and other acidic lovers. It is also ideal for shrubs like Lantern trees, Heather, and Witch Hazel as well as vegetable crops like legumes, salad crops, root crops, and Brassicas. When you squeeze peaty soils, you will get a spongy feeling. It has a dark color and hardly found in gardens.


Contrary to belief, not all plants sprout and flower in spring. Many often think that their plants will die if they get winter frosts to them.

You don't want to plant tomatoes in summer, as this is the time you should be picking them off the vine, meaning they should be sown in autumn to reap the benefits.
Different plants are less active during the winter cycle. Lifehacker has a way to check how your plants may just be snoozing.

Now there are our tips on how to make your garden fit your climate. Simply follow them, and you might have such a beautiful garden matching the environment in your place. Happy gardening!

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